Interstate High Speed Rail Competitors

Global Economic Competitors are building their version of Interstate High Speed Rail and Rapid Transit systems faster than America. They do so because it yields massive economic and other benefits today and for generations unborn. America delays HSR and Rapid Transit construction at its competitive peril.

Throughout history, transportation advances have accelerated economic growth for cities, regions and nations. In 1811, England pioneered the first practical train service between cities and seaports. In 1863, London built the world’s first Metro Rail subway system. Both transportation advances helped England’s economy outpace every other nation.

People traveling within regions power their economies as much as freight movements. When passenger travel is delayed due to traffic congestion, it taxes their economy. Transportation efficiency matters in today’s competitive global economy. Millions of jobs are at stake.

Our Global Economic Competitors accelerated construction of High Speed Rail (HSR), Regional Rail, Metro Heavy Rail, Metro Light Rail, and Trams (upgraded Streetcars), which minimizes their need for highway and airport expansion, while increasing economic efficiency. This short video illustrates their progress in building HSR, the apex of ground transportation infrastructure. Note: 100 kilometers equals ~62 miles.

In 2022, America will only have 1000 miles of 125-160 mph HSR and 90-110 mph Regional Rail. Only 4 metro areas are expanding Metro Heavy Rail lines. Though 35 American metro areas are building Metro Light Rail or Trams, few have enough over/underpasses for time savings and high frequency to attract high ridership.

Global Economic Competitors Enjoying More Passenger Rail Benefits

America’s Global Economic Competitors have an abundance of HSR and Regional Rail for these massive Transportation benefits:

1. Faster, High-Capacity & Space-Efficient Alternative to Highways: One HSR route can transport the equivalent of 20-60,000 daily solo drivers on a 3-lane Freeway.

2. High Capacity Alternative to Regional Flights: HSR can transport 10 times more regional travelers per hour than commercial airplanes.

3. Alternative to Regional Flights: HSR converts most regional flyers in the same corridor to riders.

4. Let’s Airports & Airlines focus on Longer Distance Flights: Reduces need for taxpayer-funded airport runway expansions.

5. More Jobs: HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Heavy Rail & Trams create more jobs than those lost from reduced Highway widening.

6. Zero Air Pollution: When electricity is sourced from wind, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal & nuclear energy, HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Rail & Trams produce Zero Emissions.

7. Safer Travel: HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Rail & Trams save hundreds of thousands of lives by automotive accidents each year.

8. Expand Access to affordable housing: HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Rail & Trams let workers commute from further distances where housing is cheaper.

9. Transportation Oriented Development: HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Rail & Trams at intermodal transportation centers attract retail, office & hotel development.

10. Less Imported Oil for Transportation: HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Rail & Trams reduce oil consumption & national trade deficits from imported oil.

11. Passenger Capacity Per Lane: HSR & Regional Rail have this advantage over Highway & Airport modes, as illustrated below.

In Asian and European corridors that contain HSR, airlines are cutting flights of 1 hour 45 minutes or less. That’s because 4+ hours of Total Air Travel Time includes these queuing times (baggage check, security, wait to board, boarding, runway taxi, runway taxi, offboarding, baggage claim, walk to curb, ride or car rental to central destination) between Large Hub airports. Total Air Travel Time is typically 3.5 hours between Medium Hub airports since they have shorter queuing times.

Nevertheless, HSR Travel outdraws Air Travel when journeys are 3.5 hours or less becuase most travelers prefer the productivity and comfort advantages of trains.

Global Economic Competitor: CHINA

China opened its first 67 miles of 186 mph HSR service to connect venues for the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. By 2021, China leaped to a staggering 24,000 miles of 124-217 mph HSR transporting over 1 billion passengers/year. That nation continues investing $46 billion/year in HSR, with the goal of 43,000 HSR miles by 2035. By then, China plans to anchor a Trans-Asia HSR Network spreading to India, Southeast Asia, North Korea, Russia and Turkey.

China High Speed Rail Network 2020

China High Speed Rail Network 2020; source Wikipedia

Global Economic Competitor: JAPAN

From 1964 to 2021, the Shinkansen HSR system in Japan has grown to 1718 miles operating at 162-199 mph top speeds. Since its opening day, it has transported over 10 billion passengers through earthquake- and typhoon-country with zero passenger fatalities. An angel’s abundance of Regional Rail, Metro Heavy Rail, and Trams transfer riders to Shinkansen train stations. In 2024, Japan will introduce the ALFA-X train that better adapts to weather extremes and earthquakes,.

Shinkansen will likely operate up to 217 mph top on the straightest routes while consuming similar energy as today’s trains running at 199 mph. Japan is on pace to complete its Shinkansen HSR system around 2033, then focus on completing its 311 mph MagLev line between Tokyo and Osaka by 2037.

Japan HSR Map 2017

Japan HSR Map 2017; source Wikipedia

Global Economic Competitor: SOUTH KOREA

In 2004, South Korea opened the first HSR line between its two largest cities, Seoul and Busan. In 2023, South Korea expands to 763 miles. By 2035, South Korea will have over 1000 miles of 155-217 mph HSR blanketing the nation’s population corridors.

Global Economic Competitor: EUROPE

America visitors are amazed by the transportation lifestyles in Europe, where residents have higher usage of HSR, Rapid Transit, public buses and bikes. In Europe, HSR is apex infrastrcuture for Ground Transportation.

France: In 2021, France has 1740 miles of 186-199 mph HSR. TGV will likely operate up to 211 mph in its fastest routes by the 2024 Paris Summer Olympics. By 2035, France will blanket its nation with over 2700 miles of 186-217 mph HSR connecting with thousands of 137 mph HSR miles and 99-106 mph Regional Rail miles. Hundreds of European cities will be within a 3-hour train ride from France’s largest cities: Paris, Lyon, and Marseille.

Italy: In 2020, Italy had 605 miles of 155-186 mph HSR. By 2030, Italy is on pace for 900 miles of 155-186 mph HSR spanning the country, along with a thousand miles of Regional Rail. By 2032, an LGV line under the Alps from France to Italy should open, pushing Italy towards 1000 miles of HSR. Once all its major cities connect by HSR, Italy can upgrade its straitest routes to 199-205 mph by 2035.

Spain: In 2020, Spain’s AVE HSR Network reached 2010 miles of 186-199 mph service. By 2035, Spain will blanket its nation with 3045 HSR miles of 186-217 mph service, plus several thousand miles of Regional Rail, Metro Rail and Trams.

Germany: In 2020, Germany reached 1900 miles of 143-186 mph service. By 2035, about 3000 miles of ICE Network will blanket the nation with 143-205 mph HSR service, plus several thousand miles of Regional Rail, Metro Rail, and Trams.

Switzerland. In 2020, this small mountain nation opened three lengthy 124-155 mph HSR tunnels through the Alps to shrink 4-6 hour train rides down to 2-3 hours. It now has HSR connections to France, Italy, and Germany. By 2035, Switzerland will have over a thousand HSR, Regional Rail, and Tram miles.

Belgium & Netherlands: In 2020, these small Dutch countries reached 417 miles of 155-186 mph HSR service. By 2035, Belgium & Netherlands will have over 500 miles of 155-186 mph HSR interconnecting with Regional Rail and Trams.

United Kingdom: In 2020, the UK has a 186 mph Eurostar route to Paris and Brussels and a 143 mph HSR route within the UK. Nearly half of its legacy rail has upgraded to 124 mph HSR or 100 mph Regional Rail. London, Liverpool, Newcastle, and Glasgow have Metro Heavy Rail systems, while other UK cities are expanding Tram systems. In 2028, the London-Birmingham HSR route opens. In 2033, the London-Manchester HSR route opens. The newest HSR lines will likely operate commercially at 217 mph, like in Japan, France, and Spain. UK is creating well over 1000 miles of 137-217 mph HSR.

Europe High Speed Rail Network 2021

Europe High Speed Rail Network 2021; source Wikipedia

Portugal, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Czech Republic, and Turkey have several HSR lines in operation and many more projects under construction. By 2035, Europe will have 25,000 HSR miles and well over 25,000 Regional Rail miles connecting its metro areas. The continent will have over 2,000 Metro Heavy Rail miles and all metro areas with over 100,000 population will have Light Rail or Tram systems. Passenger Rail in Europe will be as ubiquitous as Highways in America.

The fall-out of the Russia-Ukraine War demonstrates that Europe can be cut off from its main Natural Gas supplier. As a result, the EU will accelerate the conversion from coal to wind, solar, hydroelectric, geothermal, and nuclear power plants, rather than to natural gas power plants. That bodes well for the EU’s 2035 and 2040 green energy and green transportation goals.

Part 3 of this series illuminates more compelling rationale to accelerate construction of HSR, Regional Rail, Metro Heavy Rail, Metro Light Rail and Tram infrastructure worldwide.

Part 3: Interstate High Speed Rail Rationale

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